Are Squirrels Rodents? Here’s What You Need to Know Today!

Are Squirrels Rodents? Here’s What You Need to Know Today!

‍Are Squirrels Rodents? Yes, they are rodents. Squirrels are small mammals that belong to the order of Rodentia. There are more than 1300 species of rodents found all over the world except for Antarctica and a few remote islands. Keep reading to find out more information to your question-are squirrels rodents?

are squirrels rodents - two squirrels playing on a log

Photo by Alexas_Fotos on Pixabay

Are Squirrels Rodents?

Yes, squirrels are rodents. They are known for their long tails, sharp teeth, claws, and habit of storing food for leaner times. Most rodents have large front teeth called incisors that they use to gnaw on bark, trees, and other plants.

They differ from other mammals by having a third bone in their middle finger and the second bone in their fifth finger. Rodents have excellent senses of smell and hearing and accelerated visual reflexes; this is why they react more quickly than other animals when danger lurks nearby.

Where Can We Find Squirrels?

Squirrels can be found in forests and cities around the world. While there are more than 1300 species of rodents, squirrels make up the single largest group of rodents (around 220 species).

They can be found inhabiting forests in North America, Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa, as well as parts of Australia and India. Several species of squirrels can be found in the United States and Canada.

Among the most common are the Eastern Gray Squirrel, the Fox Squirrel, the Douglas Squirrel, and the Western Gray Squirrel. Most squirrels can be found in parks, gardens, woodlands, and backyards. They are also sometimes kept as pets, but it’s important to note that most species of squirrels are illegal to keep in some states.

are squirrels rodents - eastern grey squirrel

What are the Types of squirrels?

Squirrels are a very diverse group of animals, with many different species of squirrels. Some of the more well-known include the Eastern Gray Squirrel, the most common squirrel species in North America, and the Fox Squirrel, the most common species in the Eastern United States. Both species are easily identifiable by their large, bushy tails.

The West Indian Flying Squirrel is the only squirrel species capable of flight. It can glide up to 100 feet across the forest canopy and even has an extra flap of skin behind its ears to help it glide longer distances.

Other types of squirrels include the Northern Flying Squirrel, the Southern Flying Squirrel, the Eurasian Red Squirrel, the American Red Squirrel, and the Eurasian Tree Squirrel

Why are Squirrels Important?

Squirrels are extremely important to the health of an ecosystem. They are known as omnivores, eating a variety of plants and insects. This means they help control the population of many insects that can harm crops and trees.

In addition, squirrels are extremely social creatures. They live in large colonies and often have complex communication skills. This means that when nesting season is in full swing, the squirrel population in the area can increase dramatically, helping to keep rodents in general in check.

Squirrels also play an essential role in seed dispersal. They often bury seeds or store nuts in trees and logs, helping to ensure that the plants can grow and thrive. Because of their significant role in the ecosystem and their large population, when a squirrel population is negatively affected, it can significantly impact the entire ecosystem.

How can We Help Protect Squirrels?

There are many ways to help protect squirrels. First, you can plant more trees and shrubs to create a habitat suitable for squirrels.

Next, you can avoid using toxic pesticides, as they can often kill or harm squirrels.

You can also install squirrel-proof bird feeders and ensure the bird’s feed is kept in a squirrel-proof container.

Finally, you can invest in a squirrel trap to humanely remove the squirrels in your yard when they become pests. For more information about how you can protect squirrels, check out the AnimalWised article about squirrels and how to protect them.

are squirrels rodents - red squirrel sitting on a chair eating sunflower seeds

The Behavior of a Squirrel

Squirrels live in large, social communities and often store food for leaner times. Squirrels are also known to engage in what is commonly referred to as “tree dancing.”

This is a group of squirrels climbing up a tree and jumping from branch to branch while making some noise. The purpose of this behavior is not fully understood, but it’s believed to be some type of social display.

Squirrels are also known to engage in sexual display behavior and may climb very high into trees and make loud noises to attract mates. Squirrels also engage in tail bobbing, where the squirrel will raise and lower its tail, as well as a form of territorial marking called urination.

Lifecycle of a Squirrel

The lifespan of a squirrel varies by species, but in general, squirrels live approximately two to five years in the wild.

Squirrels reach sexual maturity at about six months. The breeding season lasts from January to March and each female mates with multiple males.

The female squirrel builds a nest in a tree and has an average of 2-5 babies. The nest is made of leaves, and the female will keep the nest warm with her body heat to create the right environment for her babies.

Three Lifecycle Stages

There are three stages in the lifecycle of a squirrel. The first stage is a nestling lasting five to 10 days. The nestling phase is when the babies first open their eyes and grow their first set of feathers.

The next stage is the infant phase, which lasts from five to 10 weeks. This is when the squirrels grow their juvenile teeth and are just learning to move around.

The final stage is the juvenile phase. It lasts from two to six months and is when the squirrels are sexually mature.

Diet of a Squirrel

Squirrels are omnivorous, which means that they eat both meat and plants. They eat nuts, berries, seeds, insects, eggs, and even small birds and animals. Occasionally, squirrels eat carrion (dead animals) and human food.

Squirrels may also eat corn, nuts, and seeds offered by humans. Squirrels will often store food in trees and logs to protect it from other animals.

Can You Have an Outdoor Pet Squirrel?

Squirrels are wild animals, and they cannot be domesticated. While they can be kept as a pet, it is not recommended. Don’t forget to check local wildlife regulations before deciding to keep an animal.


Squirrels are a favorite animal of many people, and we often see them in our backyards or homes. These rodents are very diverse and can be found all over the world. They are essential creatures and play a significant role in the ecosystem by eating insects and other pests. They are also very social and can be found in large colonies. If you ever see a squirrel that is injured or sick, make sure to contact your local wildlife rescue center to help it.

2 thoughts on “Are Squirrels Rodents? Here’s What You Need to Know Today!”

  1. Lots of great information! Squirrels can be very loving and affectionate but they make better friends than pets imo. I agree that unless they have some kind of permanent injury or disability they belong in the trees. I only heard about handful of squirrels that wanted to stay indoors, usually because they were victim of an animal attack

    • Miss Bonnie McSquirrely,

      Thank you so much for your comment. Yes, squirrels prefer to be outside. However, there are always exceptions. You have the best of both worlds….living outside and coming to visit your human mom every day for love and treats. Thank you for supporting the website.


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