Are Squirrels Rodents? Here’s What You Need to Know Today!

‍Are Squirrels Rodents? Yes, they are rodents. Squirrels are small mammals that belong to the order Rodentia. There are more than 1300 species of rodents found all over the world except for Antarctica and a few remote islands. Keep reading to find out more information about your question-are squirrels rodents?

are squirrels rodents - featured photo
barking squirrel - fox squirrel barking

Are Squirrels Rodents or Mammals?

Squirrels are both rodents and mammals. According to the National Wildlife Federation, squirrels are members of the rodent family, a large and successful group of mammals.

There are more than 2,200 species of rodents and squirrels are found on every continent except Antarctica.

Are Squirrels in the Rodent Family?

Yes, squirrels are part of the rodent family. They are known for their long tails, sharp teeth, claws, and habit of storing food for leaner times. Most rodents have large front teeth called incisors that they use to gnaw on bark, trees, and other plants.

They differ from other mammals by having a third bone in their middle finger and the second bone in their fifth finger. Rodents have excellent senses of smell and hearing and accelerated visual reflexes; this is why they react more quickly than other animals when danger lurks nearby.

Are Squirrels Everywhere?

Squirrels can be found in forests and cities around the world. While there are more than 1300 species of rodents, squirrels make up the single largest group of rodents (around 220 species).

Squirrels are found worldwide except for Antarctica and a few remote islands. They inhabit forests in North America, Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa, as well as parts of Australia and India. Several species of squirrels can be found in the United States and Canada.

Among the most common are the Eastern Gray Squirrel, the Fox Squirrel, the Douglas Squirrel, and the Western Gray Squirrel. Most squirrels can be found in parks, gardens, woodlands, and backyards. They are also sometimes kept as pets, but it’s important to note that most species of squirrels are illegal to keep in some states.

are squirrels rodents - eastern grey squirrel

What are the Types of squirrels?

Squirrels are a very diverse group of animals, with many different species of squirrels. Some of the more well-known include the Eastern Gray Squirrel, the most common squirrel species in North America, and the Fox Squirrel, the most common species in the Eastern United States. Both species are easily identifiable by their large, bushy tails.

The West Indian Flying Squirrel is the only squirrel species capable of flight. It can glide up to 100 feet across the forest canopy and even has an extra flap of skin behind its ears to help it glide longer distances.

Other types of squirrels include the Northern Flying Squirrel, the Southern Flying Squirrel, the Eurasian Red Squirrel, the American Red Squirrel, and the Eurasian Tree Squirrel

Why are Squirrels Important?

Squirrels are extremely important to the health of an ecosystem. They are known as omnivores, eating a variety of plants and insects. This means they help control the population of many insects that can harm crops and trees.

Are Squirrels Social Creatures?

In addition, squirrels are extremely social creatures. They live in large colonies and often have complex communication skills. This means that when nesting season is in full swing, the squirrel population in the area can increase dramatically, helping to keep rodents in general in check.

Squirrels also play an essential role in seed dispersal. They often bury seeds or store nuts in trees and logs, helping to ensure that the plants can grow and thrive. Because of their significant role in the ecosystem and their large population, when a squirrel population is negatively affected, it can significantly impact the entire ecosystem.

How can We Help Protect Squirrels?

There are many ways to help protect squirrels. First, you can plant more trees and shrubs to create a habitat suitable for squirrels.

Next, you can avoid using toxic pesticides, as they can often kill or harm squirrels.

You can also install squirrel-proof bird feeders and ensure the bird’s feed is kept in a squirrel-proof container.

Finally, you can invest in a squirrel trap to humanely remove the squirrels in your yard when they become pests. For more information about how you can protect squirrels, check out the AnimalWised article about squirrels and how to protect them.

are squirrels rodents - red squirrel sitting on a chair eating sunflower seeds

The Behavior of a Squirrel

Squirrels live in large, social communities and often store food for leaner times. Squirrels are also known to engage in what is commonly referred to as “tree dancing.”

This is a group of squirrels climbing up a tree and jumping from branch to branch while making noise. The purpose of this behavior is not fully understood, but it’s believed to be some social display.

Are Squirrels Affectionate?

While squirrels are not typically considered affectionate animals, there are reports of them behaving in seemingly affectionate ways towards humans. For example, some people have reported that squirrels will come up to them, nibble on their fingers or toes, or even sit on their laps.

Others have said that squirrels will follow them and enjoy being around them. It’s hard to say for sure whether or not squirrels experience affection in the same way that humans do. Still, it’s certainly possible that they form some attachment to specific individuals. If you have a friendly squirrel in your neighborhood, consider yourself lucky!

Squirrels use various methods to cool off when the weather gets hot. They will seek out shady areas to rest in and may take a dip in a nearby body of water. If overheated, they may lie on their backs with their legs in the air to help circulate air and cool down.

A squirrel may lie flat for a variety of reasons. For example, if the squirrel is sunbathing, it will lie on its belly with its legs stretched out behind it so that its fur can absorb as much heat from the sun as possible.

What is it Called When a Squirrel Lie Flat?

When squirrels are hot, they often lie on their bellies with their legs stretched out to help cool themselves down and referred to as splooting.

If the squirrel is trying to camouflage itself, it will lie flat to be less visible to predators. Additionally, if a squirrel is sick or injured, it may lie flat to rest and heal.

What is Tail Bobbing?

Squirrels also engage in tail bobbing, where the squirrel will raise and lower its tail, as well as a form of territorial marking called urination.

Squirrels are also known to engage in sexual display behavior and may climb very high into trees and make loud noises to attract mates.

Squirrels also engage in tail bobbing, where the squirrel will raise and lower its tail, as well as a form of territorial marking called urination.

Why Do Squirrels Flap their Tails?

There are a few reasons why squirrels might flap their tails. One reason could be to communicate with other squirrels. By flapping their tails, they might be able to send signals to other squirrels nearby, telling them to stay away or warning them of danger.

Another reason could be to help them balance while they’re climbing trees. Their tails act as a counterbalance, helping them to keep their footing and stay upright.

Lifecycle of a Squirrel

The lifespan of a squirrel varies by species, but in general, squirrels live approximately two to five years in the wild.

Check out this chart of wild squirrels and squirrels in captivity (pet squirrel lifespan).

Squirrels reach sexual maturity at about six months. The breeding season lasts from January to March, and each female mates with multiple males.

The female squirrel builds a nest in a tree and has an average of 2-5 babies. The nest is made of leaves, and the female will keep the nest warm with her body heat to create the right environment for her babies.

Three Lifecycle Stages

There are three stages in the lifecycle of a squirrel.

The first stage is a nestling lasting five to 10 days. The nestling phase is when the babies first open their eyes and grow their first set of feathers.

The next stage is the infant phase, which lasts from five to 10 weeks. This is when the squirrels grow their juvenile teeth and are just learning to move around.

The final stage is the juvenile phase. It lasts from two to six months and is when the squirrels are sexually mature.

Are Squirrels Omnivores?

Yes, squirrels are considered omnivores. This means they can eat plant and animal material to obtain the nutrients they need to survive. Squirrels typically eat nuts, seeds, fruits, and insects, but they occasionally eat small mammals, birds, and reptiles.

Squirrels may also eat corn, nuts, and seeds offered by humans. Squirrels will often store food in trees and logs to protect it from other animals.

Are Squirrels Domesticated?

No, squirrels are not domesticated. Although they are often seen near humans, in parks and yards, for example, they are wild animals and cannot be domesticated.

Do Squirrels Make Good Pets?

While we certainly appreciate the cuteness of pet squirrels, we ultimately do not advocate having them as pets. Of course, there are always exceptions, and some squirrels are non-releasable because of health issues. There are a few reasons squirrels don’t make good pets.

are squirrels rodents - red squirrel

Firstly, squirrels are wild animals, and as such, they are not used to being around humans. This can make them skittish and difficult to handle, which is not ideal for a pet.

Secondly, squirrels are known to be very active and playful creatures, and they need a lot of space to run around and explore.

A typical home is not large enough to provide a squirrel with the environment it needs to be happy and healthy. Finally, squirrels are also known to be rather messy creatures. We believe it is best to admire squirrels from a distance rather than try to keep them as pets.


Squirrels are a favorite animal of many people, and we often see them in our backyards or homes. These rodents are very diverse and can be found all over the world. They are essential creatures and play a significant role in the ecosystem by eating insects and other pests. They are also very social and can be found in large colonies. If you ever see a squirrel that is injured or sick, make sure to contact your local wildlife rescue center to help it.

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  1. Lots of great information! Squirrels can be very loving and affectionate but they make better friends than pets imo. I agree that unless they have some kind of permanent injury or disability they belong in the trees. I only heard about handful of squirrels that wanted to stay indoors, usually because they were victim of an animal attack

    1. Miss Bonnie McSquirrely,

      Thank you so much for your comment. Yes, squirrels prefer to be outside. However, there are always exceptions. You have the best of both worlds….living outside and coming to visit your human mom every day for love and treats. Thank you for supporting the website.

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