Do Squirrels Eat Pine Cones? Discover the Nutritious Facts!

Do Squirrels Eat Pine Cones? Discover the Nutritious Facts!

Have you ever seen a squirrel scurrying around a tree with a pine cone in its mouth? If you have, you may have been tempted to assume that the squirrel would eat the pine cone. But do squirrels eat pine cones? Or are they just taking the pine cones somewhere else?

This article will explore the answer to this question and pine cones’ role in the forest ecosystem. We’ll also look at the benefits of eating pine cones and how to attract squirrels to eat them. So if you’ve ever wondered if squirrels eat pine cones, read on to find out!

do squirrels eat pine cones - douglas squirrel eating a pine cone

What are Pine Cones?

A pine cone is the reproductive structure of a pine tree. It is composed of woody scales fused to form a cone shape. Inside the pine cone are the tree’s seeds. The scales open and close based on the temperature and humidity levels of the environment, allowing the seeds to disperse.

Pine cones are a valuable food source for many animals, including squirrels. They contain high levels of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Pine cones can also be eaten by birds and other animals, such as bears, deer, and mice.

do squirrels eat pinecones - pinecones on tree branches
<em>L a young pine cone R a mature pine cone<em>

Why Do Squirrels Eat Pine Cones?

The answer is yes! Squirrels are known to eat pine cones, though they usually eat them in the winter when other food sources are scarce. Squirrels are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and animals. They will eat whatever they can find, including nuts, seeds, fruits, and insects.

Pine cones provide an important source of nutrition for squirrels during the winter months. The cones contain various nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. These nutrients can help squirrels survive the cold months when food is scarce.

Benefits of Eating Pine Cones

Eating pine cones can be beneficial for squirrels in a few ways. First of all, pine cones are a great source of energy. The carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in pine cones provide the energy squirrels need to stay active and healthy.

Pine cones are also full of essential vitamins and minerals. These include vitamins A, C, E, and K and calcium, magnesium, and iron. Eating pine cones can help squirrels get the vitamins and minerals they need to stay healthy.

Finally, pine cones provide important fiber. Fiber is essential for keeping a squirrel’s digestive system healthy. Eating pine cones can help keep a squirrel’s digestive system running smoothly.

do squirrels eat pinecones - red squirrel eating a pinecone

What Animal Eats Pine Cones?

Pine cones are a valuable food source for many animals, not just squirrels. Birds, such as jays and woodpeckers, are known to eat pine cones. Bears, deer, and other mammals also eat pine cones. Even insects, such as bark beetles, can eat pine cones.

do squirrels eat pinecones - bird eating a pinecone

The Role of Pine Cones in the Forest Ecosystem

Pine cones play an essential role in the forest ecosystem. They provide food for many animals, including squirrels, birds, and mammals. They also provide shelter for small animals and insects.

Pine cones are important for the health of the forest. They help disperse the tree’s seeds, ensuring the species’ survival. They also provide important nutrients for the soil, helping plants and trees to grow.

How to Attract Squirrels to Eat Pine Cones

If you want to attract squirrels to your yard to eat pine cones, you can do a few things. First, make sure to provide a safe, comfortable environment. Provide water, a sheltered area, and plenty of hiding spots.

You can also provide food for the squirrels. Offer them nuts, fruits, and other foods that they enjoy. This will help attract them to your yard.

Finally, you can put out pine cones for the squirrels to eat. You can collect them from the ground or buy them from a store. Place the pine cones in areas where you have seen the squirrels. This will encourage them to come back and eat the pine cones.

do squirrels eat pinecones - squirrel eating a pinecone


In conclusion, squirrels do eat pine cones. Pine cones are a valuable source of nutrition for squirrels, providing them with energy, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They also play an important role in the forest ecosystem, providing food and shelter for many animals.

So the next time you see a squirrel with a pine cone in its mouth, you can be sure it will eat it!

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FAQs About Pine Cones You May Not Know

Pine Cone Facts Courtesy of Michigan State University Extension

  • Pine cones come from pine trees only, although all conifers produce cones.
  • Pine cones and pine trees date back to prehistoric times and belong to a group of plants called gymnosperms.
  • Gymnosperms are a group of plants that have naked seeds, not enclosed in an ovary.
  • The primary function of a pine cone is to keep a pine tree’s seeds safe.
  • Pine cones close their scales to protect the seeds from cold temperatures, wind, and even animals that attempt to eat them.
  • When the weather is warm, pine cones open up and release their seeds, making it easier for the seed to germinate.
  • Some pine cones, like the Jack Pine, need a hot fire to open and release their seeds. This is called the Jack Pine ecosystem.
  • Pine cones can stay on trees for 10 years or more before dropping to the ground.
  • All conifers produce male and female cones. Sometimes on the same tree, sometimes not. The pinecones we see are only female cones. The male cones are much smaller, and you may have never noticed them. The male cones release pollen, which drifts into the air and eventually finds and fertilizes the female cones.
  • Pine nuts come from pine cones.
  • Only 20 varieties of pine trees worldwide produce cones with large enough pine nuts for harvesting.
  • Pinyon PinesPinus edulis (which only grows between 6,000 and 9,000-foot altitudes), offers the finest pine nuts in North America. Pinyon pines are native to the desert mountains of California, east to New Mexico and Texas, and north to Wyoming.
  •  The second part of Pinyon Pine’s botanical name, edulis, means “edible” in Latin. It refers to the tasty seeds produced in its 2-inch, roundish, light brown cones that grow in clusters on mature trees.
  • Pine nuts are a good source of thiamine (B1), Vitamin K, magnesium, and protein. They are also one of the best natural sources of manganese, phosphorus, and zinc.
  • The pineal gland in the brain is named after pinecones because of its shape. The pineal gland controls our body’s perception of light and wake and sleep patterns. It has long been considered our biological “third eye” and “the epicenter of enlightenment.”
  • Pine cones have been exalted in religious imagery for thousands of years.
  • Ancient Romans also associated pine cones with Venus, the Goddess of love and fertility.

5 thoughts on “Do Squirrels Eat Pine Cones? Discover the Nutritious Facts!”

  1. I frequently gather pinecones from local parks to bring home to my squillys. After a few months, I change them out with newer ones. I love watching them play with the pinecones.

  2. This was so interesting. The only thing I knew about pine cones was if you wanted them in your home, you pick the ones that suit your decorating ideas, pick them off the ground or pluck them from the pine tree. I was told to be to microwave a certain amount of time to kill the roaches or insects that were inside! It is so refreshing to read about the interesting real facts.

  3. I have an awesome neighbor, David, who brings me fresh pine cones for my squirrel rescue. Besides providing nutrition, the pine cones offer mental enrichment during their stay in rehab.

  4. I’ve also noticed that squirrels will eat pinecones at any stage – I’ve seen them eat fresh immature pinecones that are still green and very hard. Not sure if the green pinecones taste different or have different nutrients ratio but they really seem to like them, eventhough “normal” brown pinecones are also available for them at the same time too.


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